Anatomy Landmarks
  • Vocal Cord —> C5
  • Cricoid —> C6
  • Start of trachea —> C6-C7
  • Thyroid gland —> C7
  • Lung apex —> T1
  • SVC —> T3
  • AO arch —> T4
  • Carina —> T5
    • 25 cm from the incisors
  • Liver
    • Upper level : T7-8

  • Superior sternal notch —> T3
  • Manubrium —> T4
  • Angle of louis —> T5
  • Xiphoid Process —> T10

  • Ant costodiaphragm —> T10
  • Post costodiaphragm —> L3

  • GEJ —> T10 ( 2-3cm to left of midline )
    • 40cm from incisors
  • Spleen —> T10-T11 ( 5cm left to midline )
  • Pancreas body —> L1
  • Cysterna chili —> L1-L2
  • Umbilicus —> L4
    • If standing and in infants —> lower
  • Gallbladder —> at 9th rib; right lat border of rectus abdomens ( transpyloric plane )
  • Start of large bowel ( Cecum ) —> L4
    • Ascending Colon : 15cm
    • Descending Colon : 25cm
  • Rectum —>
    • Starts : S3
    • Ends : 4cm from anus

  • R Kidney hilum —> L2
  • L Kidney hilum —> L1

  • Para-AO nodes —> T12-L4
  • Common Iliac nodes —> L4 ( Bifurcation of AO )
  • Bifurcation of common iliac —> L5-S1